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KREBS

Roland

KREBS

Validated Lead Expert
Generic Skills
B.1. Understanding of integrated and sustainable urban development: 
I am an Urban Planner with experience in integral urban planning and design. I got a Master in Urban Planning at TU Wien, Vienna (2001), and I did an additional Master in Business Administration (MBA) at the University of Belgrano, Buenos Aires, Argentina. This year I complete a Postgraduate in Rehabilitation of Historical City Centres at the Universidad Obierta de Catalunya (UOC), Barcelona. Since I obtained my planning licence in 2009 from the Chamber of Architects I work independently with my own urban planning practice. I am a URBACT Thematic Specialist on Urban Planning since 2009 and joined TUTUR – Temporary use as a tool for urban regeneration, an URBACT Pilot Transfer Network as URBACT specialist. In 2013 I joined the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI) of the IDB, similar to URBACT on the Latin American Level. In 2010 I joined the team of the Federal Railways Company (ÖBB) to develop the EU funded Main Train Station for Vienna. I was project leader for urban development of this 110-hectare urban brownfield. I developed an innovative planning method , the “Collaborative Urban Design” methodology, first of this kind in Austria. Six teams of Architects and Planners, together with main stakeholders developed an urban plan and strategy for a part of the area. As a lecturer at the Vienna University of Technology, I teach at the Institute for Urban Design the topics of dialogue orientated design and urban strategies, urbanism and urban planning.
B1. Assessment: 
1 - demonstrated more than 2 yeras of experience with integrated and sustainable urban development
B.2. Understanding of exchange and learning processes at transnational level: 
On an international level I work since 2001 in various European and Latin American countries on urban regeneration projects, housing projects, urban strategies and rehabilitation of historical city centres and centralization projects. As a Thematic Expert at the URBACT project, TUTUR - Temporary use as a tool for urban regeneration, we initiated with a multidisciplinary planning team an exchange of knowledge and expertise from an Temporary Use agency in Bremen (giving-city) to the receiver-cities Rome and Alba Iulia (Romania). http://tutur.eu In 2010 I created with a team of researchers the project “Urban Managua”, an exchange of knowledge and experience for the creation of a dialogue orientated planning methodology for rehabilitation of the city centre of Managua with focus un housing in the context of slums. http://www.urban-managua.org/english-short-version/ In 2013 these activities intensified when I got assigned as urban planning consultant at the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI) of the Inter-American Development Bank (IADB). http://www.iadb.org/en/topics/emerging-and-sustainable-cities/emerging-and-sustainable-cities-initiative,6656.html Since 2001 I am learning and researching about participatory planning tools and the introduction of the “dialogue” as a crucial element and activity in the planning process. I developed various projects in Latin America and Europe. See my projects at this site: http://www.rolandkrebs.net
B2. Assessment: 
1 - provided significant example of transnational activity that demonstrates understanding of exchange and learning process at transnational level
B.3. Proficiency in English: 
From 2001, I work on various international urban projects, mainly in Central and Eastern Europe (mainly Bulgaria, Serbia, Kosovo, etc.) - firstly on real estate projects, later, from 2008 exclusively on urban, public projects for municipalities. Almost all projects I did in the past were developed and implemented in English language. From 2013, I worked for two years partly in Washington, DC at the multi-lateral Organization Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) on international urban development projects, mainly in the Caribbean and Latin America. Even though the output of the projects of the IDB is in Spanish language, the prime working languages is English.
B3. Assessment: 
1 - proficient in English
Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities:
C.3.1. Ability to communicate complex concepts to non-English speakers: 
I am trained to work with inter-cultural and multi-disciplinary, and non-English-speaking teams. In the last view years I worked both in the academic sector and in urban development projects in the field. I would like to present to you some work samples of the latest projects, where I had to communicate a complex concept to non-English speakers: Urban Design Laboratory – Is a tool-kit for a dialogue orientated planning technique. See my work in the field in 6 cities in Latin America, where I tested this methodology. Here is the presentation of the methodology for non-English speakers (starts from page 9): http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_02_15_lecture_udl_idb_short_de Fast.Forward.City Symposium in Vienna in April 2015: I curated a knowledge exchange and learning symposium and side-events for European and Latin American planners and architects. I led various inter-cultural roundtables about the current planning issues of rapid urbanization growth (centralities, affordable housing, urban strategies, mobility and urbanity in general). http://www.rolandkrebs.net/fast-forward-city-lessons-from-latin-americas-urban-growth/ Urban Managua – a project funded by the Austrian Government with the aim to introduce participatory planning techniques into the discourse on an academic and municipal level: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/
C3.1 Assessment: 
1 - Provided example that demonstrates ability to communicate complex concepts to non-English speakers
C.3.2. Ability to draw out, support the verbalization and documentation of knowledge and practice from participants: 
At the URBACT TUTUR Baseline report I was responsible for the good practice research: https://www.dropbox.com/s/h1hey5nxa87967h/BASELINE_TUTUR_032014PDF.pdf?dl=0 At the URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu) project interim-report I was responsible for the structure of the report (https://www.dropbox.com/s/gvu12cplohnzw9i/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 ); I designed a questionnaire for the project partners (https://www.dropbox.com/s/103brmsvmjkesfn/2014%2011%2010%20TUTUR%20questionnaire%20Proposal%20Interim%20RK.docx?dl=0). At the final-report I wrote and compiled the Lessons Learnt and coordinated the Future Perspective chapter: https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 A sample of a mission report, where I work with a municipality and other actors (in English): https://www.dropbox.com/s/22fdpqrdujvutp8/2014%2012%2017%20Mission%20Report%20Panama%20City.pdf?dl=0 The minutes of a community workshop in the City of Panama a) https://www.dropbox.com/s/1hdkbg4h631hww5/2015%2003%2003%20Minuta%20PANAMA%20LAB%20AT%20RK%20RM%20small.pdf?dl=0 and b) the summary (in English): https://www.dropbox.com/s/g6y4dxc46djoqkz/ESCI%20PANAMA%20Summary%20SWOT_SCENARIOS_La%20Exposicion_english.pdf?dl=0 and c) see some pictures of the process when the municipality applies the methodology for the first time: https://www.flickr.com/photos/rolandkrebs/sets/72157650576200909/
C3.2 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two examples that demonstrate the ability to draw out, support the verbalization and documentation of knowledge and practice from participants to enable comparison, exchange, peer review, etc
C.3.3. Ability to capture learning for participants to take away: 
At the final-report I wrote and compiled the Lessons Learnt and coordinated the Future Perspective chapter: https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 At the URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu) interim-report I was responsible for the structure of the report (https://www.dropbox.com/s/gvu12cplohnzw9i/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 ); I designed a questionnaire for the project partners (https://www.dropbox.com/s/103brmsvmjkesfn/2014%2011%2010%20TUTUR%20questionnaire%20Proposal%20Interim%20RK.docx?dl=0). The content for the report was delivered by the partner-cities and finally processed by the Lead Expert. I also designed the set of indicators for the project evaluation: https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Urban Managua – a project funded by the Austrian Government with the aim to introduce participatory planning techniques into the discourse on an academic and municipal level: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/ At the Urban Managua project, I conducted a workshop with the aim to create a “Charta of Managua”, a manifest for the treatment and development of informal settlements in historical city centres: http://www.urban-managua.org/wp-content/uploads/Carta-de-Managua.pdf
C3.3 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two examples that demonstrate the ability to capture learning for participants to take away
C.3.4. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate good practices and policy messages: 
In many cities, urban development is an unplanned process, which is not subject to active organization of space. We have to deal with passive urban planning policies like traditional planning techniques, which were developed at the beginning of the XX century. Today, we see that planning and development of the urban fabric and public realm is a very dynamic and complex process, where you change one thing on the one hand and you don’t know what will be the greater impact on the other. I am a trained urban planner with projects for URBACT, the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) and in the academic sector. I am used to work with inter-cultural and multi-disciplinary teams. I would like to present to you some work samples of the latest projects: URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu): Baseline report - https://www.dropbox.com/s/lscn3lkio1j8ljc/BaselineTUTURfinal06052014.pdf?dl=0 Intermediate report - https://www.dropbox.com/s/gvu12cplohnzw9i/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 At the final-report - https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Urban Managua - http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/ Urban Managua – final report: https://www.dropbox.com/s/gsbdi6lxhi6tbkx/appear_final_report%20proyecto%20Urban_managua%202015%20ENGLISH%20sin%20articulos%20para%20publicacion.pdf?dl=0
C3.4 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two examples that demonstrate the ability to produce concise reports that incorporate good practices and policy messages
Summary Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities: 
As an urban planning specialist I learned that exchange of good-practices and exchange activities help to test new ideas in cities. But, every city is different. Each municipality has a different level of planning know-how. Planners shouldn’t just copy-paste traveling ideas of methodologies. We should adapt wisely to the given situations and adapt the need of cross-thematic and multi-disciplinary planning approaches. Research and scoping about other successful practices and policies in other cities is crucial successful transfer good-practices. In my previous experience, eg. the TUTUR project, even the city of Bremen as a giver of expertise was able to reflect and contextualize their practice in urban regeneration through the development of Temporary Use projects------WebKitFormBoundaryeBgCxb7trXL7pBO7 Content-Disposition: form-data; name="title" KREBS
Assessment: 
The expert is validated for C as he has received maximum score for all elements. The expert has demonstrated substantial relevant expertise in urban planning since 2008, both through his professional work as Universtiy lecturer and independent urban planning consultant (visible in his CV) as well as through several transnational projects described in the application and the CV (TUTUR, ESCI, Managua etc.). He has provided relevant examples that demonstrate his expertise in the sedign and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities.
Thematic expertise:
Theme / Policy: 
Urban Strategic Planning
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
I have a sound track record in Urban Strategy Planning, especially in the last few years in my position as urban planning consultant for the Inter-American Development Bank. I train and consult Latin-American municipalities in developing their own urban strategies. See a picture of a workshop in Panamá: https://goo.gl/rzmt9p In this context I would like to highlight the strategy plan for Managua (Nicaragua), the strategy plan for Quetzaltenango (Guatemala). For these cities we developed a spatial growth model with two scenarios: Tendential spatial growth (business as usual, passive planning) and smart growth (applying smart rules, densities, pro-active planning and design). Based on these studies and the application of a prioritization-filters, together with the local teams I designed a strategic Action Plan for these cities to tackle urban growth with strategic urban projects. Strategy Urban Action Plan Managua (master plan) http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/plan_de_acci__n_quetzaltenango_bid- Strategy Urban Action Plan Quetzaltenango (this is a presentation) http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2014_10_02_xelaj___tema_urbano_y_mo My academic background is Urban and Regional Planning with a broad spectrum of planning: Since 2009, I am working for the Technical University in Vienna at the Institute for Urban Design and Planning. Our research fields are the topics of urban growth, centralities, density (and typologies), and functional urban vs. rural areas.
D1 Assessment: 
1 - Demonstrated more than two years of experience in having deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
In the course of my academic work, in 2011 I worked on a study about 27 emblematic urban design projects in Vienna and created a criteria catalogue of strengths and weaknesses of these projects. It is important that strategies become projects, the goal was to contextualize the urban projects in the City of Vienna with the urban strategy plan: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/20120625_reader_stadtentwicklungwie Another example to feed in is a project I did with a student from the TU Wien in Campeche, México. The topic was to create a new centrality for the city. Campeche has a historical core, which is protected, as UNESCO World Heritage Site, but outside of this central area there are no other centralities. We tackled this problem with an extended research about centralities and a concrete solution as a pilot project for the city: https://www.dropbox.com/s/285nmtro0ax9fdl/Informe_final_Campeche.pdf?dl=0 Also, I would like to list two plans I did for Managua and Quetzaltenango on a strategic level: Strategy Urban Action Plan Managua (strategy plan) http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/plan_de_acci__n_quetzaltenango_bid- Strategy Urban Action Plan Quetzaltenango (strategy plan) http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/plan_de_acci__n_quetzaltenango_bid- Fast.Forward.City Symposium in Vienna in April 2015: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/fast-forward-city-lessons-from-latin-americas-urban-growth/
D2 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two valid example that demonstrate the ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which the expert has been involved
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
Some work examples for report that incorporate learning from exchange and learning activities: URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu): Baseline report (I was responsible for the good practice research) - https://www.dropbox.com/s/lscn3lkio1j8ljc/BaselineTUTURfinal06052014.pdf?dl=0 Intermediate report (structure of report, monitoring) - https://www.dropbox.com/s/gvu12cplohnzw9i/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 At the final-report (lessons learned chapter) - https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Urban Managua (lessons learned chapter) - http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/ Other publications on strategic projects (English and Spanish): Parque Fluvial, Pasto, Colombia: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_pasto_0420_klein Collico, Valdiva: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final Montego Bay, Jamaica: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action Estación Central, Quetzaltenango, Guatemala: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informefinal_28enero_small Barrio Mercado, Montería, Colombia: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_sept17
D3 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two example that demonstrate the ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange and learning activities, put forward good practice and policy messages targeting city practitioners and urban policy-makers (for participants as well as for an external audience)
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
In the case of the Managua, I had the pleasure to develop a comprehensive urban strategy plan for this city. Managua, capital city of Nicaragua has around 1,4 million habitants in the metropolitan area and has a very low density of rd. 70 habitants per hectare. 40 years after the earthquake in 1972, the city didn’t coordinate nor plan the population growth on the spatial level. But also on all other disciplines, the city didn’t prepare for the urban challenges of urban sprawl. In this light I developed as project leader an urban strategy for the city where we emphasis on two main strategies: a) repopulate the centre with earthquake-proof (and resilient) housing and b) limit urban growth with a green buffer zone and creation of an agency to encourage activation of urban voids. The strategic plan (page 79 ff): http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/bid_plan_de_acci__n_managua From the plan, we developed a strategy for the centre: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2014_09_25_lecture_um_roland_krebs_ I wrote two blog-posts where I contextualized the projects with other projects in the region: Rethinking urban planning for Managua: http://blogs.iadb.org/ciudadessostenibles/2013/10/24/la-planificacion-urbana-integral-managua/ An article on how cycling could give new impact to the city: http://blogs.iadb.org/ciudadessostenibles/2014/02/06/pueden-los-ciclistas-liderar-la-urbanizacion-del-centro-de-managua/
D4 Assessment: 
1 - Provided one valid example that demonstrates an understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for strategic benefits in capitalization, policy design, awareness raising, etc
Summary Thematic expertise: 
My experience in the topic of Urban Strategic Planning is widely spread and I deal with it on a practical and academic level since 2009. My expertise about Urban Strategic Planning is mostly about urban growth, density, compact city, inner-city development based on concepts of proximity and sustainable mobility, and on how urban planning strategies are being implemented through urban design projects. In the field, I worked quite intensely on Urban Strategy plans in Latin America. In a city program, which is similar to URBACT, I provided urban strategies based on urban growth studies with two scenarios: Tendential spatial growth (business as usual, passive planning) and smart growth (applying smart rules, densities, pro-active planning and design). Based on these studies and the application of prioritization-filters, together with the local teams I designed strategic action plans for these cities to tackle urban growth with strategic urban projects. My academic background is Urban and Regional Planning with a broad spectrum of planning. Since 2009, I am working for the Technical University in Vienna at the Institute for Urban Design and Planning. Our research fields are the topics of urban growth, centralities, density (and typologies), and functional urban vs. rural areas, not only in strategies, but also on how these strategies are being converted into urban projects.
Assessment: 
The expert is validated for this theme by achieving a maximum score. He has demonstrated more than 6 years of relevant thematic expertise and knowledge in the urban strategic planning.
Theme / Policy: 
Integrated Urban Renewal
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
In the field of Integral Urban Renewal, I was able to gain experience with various projects and academic studies. As planner, designer and urban manager I participated in urbanistic competitions, planning studies and urban projects in Austria, Europe and Latin America. I conduct academic lectures about the topic of urban renewal, integral project approach, etc. at the Institute for Urban Design and Planning at the Technical University of Vienna. I would like to highlight my engagement as Thematic Urban Planning Specialist at the URBACT funded TUTUR project in the last two years. The objective of the TUTUR project is to introduce the method of temporary use in urban regeneration to cities participating in the network. The definition of a vision and goals helped to create a more comprehensive study- and solution-path for the city. Further information: http://tutur.eu Another important project is the development of Vienna’s biggest brownfield, Hauptbahnhof Wien (Vienna Main Train Station), which is a 110-hectare conversion and centrality project. My role was the leading urban planner for this site. We were able apply urban rules for new developments in an integrated urban strategy: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/leben-am-helmut-zilk-park-integrierte-stadtentwicklungsplanung/ In Latin America I was able to conduct various urban renewal studies for the IDB Cities Program and applying the “Urban Design Laboratory”.
D1 Assessment: 
1 - Demonstrated more than two years of experience in having deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
Examples for thematic inputs: URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu): Baseline report (best practices) https://www.dropbox.com/s/lscn3lkio1j8ljc/BaselineTUTURfinal06052014.pdf?dl=0 Intermediate report (report structures, questionnaire, Indicators) https://www.dropbox.com/s/ekr3ah75r4v5nzy/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 The final-report (lessons learned chapter) https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Urban Managua - http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/ Urban Design Laboratory – methodology for urban renewal projects http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_02_15_lecture_udl_idb_short_de Publications (English and Spanish) of urban renewal projects Pasto Parque Fluvial: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_pasto_0420_klein Collico: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final Montego Bay: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action Estación Central: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informefinal_28enero_small Barrio Mercado: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_sept17
D2 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two valid example that demonstrate the ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which the expert has been involved
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
Some work examples: URBACT TUTUR (http://tutur.eu): Baseline report - https://www.dropbox.com/s/lscn3lkio1j8ljc/BaselineTUTURfinal06052014.pdf?dl=0 Intermediate report - https://www.dropbox.com/s/ekr3ah75r4v5nzy/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 At the final-report (lessons learned chapter) - https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Urban Managua - http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-city-the-challenge-of-developing-the-centre-of-managua/ Other publications (English and Spanish): Pasto Parque Fluvial: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_pasto_0420_klein Collico: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final Montego Bay: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action Estación Central: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informefinal_28enero_small Barrio Mercado: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informe_final_sept17
D3 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two example that demonstrate the ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange and learning activities, put forward good practice and policy messages targeting city practitioners and urban policy-makers (for participants as well as for an external audience)
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
One of the most important lessons learned in the TUTUR project is that the Administration is empowering local, bottom-up initiatives as a vital part in the top-down planning process. The LAP is empowered by the construction of a participatory planning-dialogue with the local groups and it creates, most of all, project ownership. I consider that the community is key in the decision-making process, especially during the development of the LAP and the project ideas, and during the implementation phase. With the TUTUR methodology, ideas are framed into more comprehensive planning strategies that support and foster local development plans of the Administration. http://tutur.eu The results of TUTUR are being published widely in a Blog http://tutur.eu and the facebook site (https://www.facebook.com/TUTURproject) and twitter account (https://twitter.com/TUTURproject). In other urban renewal projects, I wrote the following posts: Blogposts on current projects: Blogpost on Montego Bay: http://blogs.iadb.org/ciudadessostenibles/2015/03/26/montego-bay/ Blogpost about UDL in Montería: http://blogs.iadb.org/ciudadessostenibles/2014/07/18/laboratorio-de-diseno-urbano/ Blogpost about UDL in Quetzaltenango: http://blogs.iadb.org/ciudadessostenibles/2014/04/01/la-construccion-de-un-dialogo-en-quetzaltenango/ Dissemination on social media: Facebook page UDL: https://www.facebook.com/UrbanDesignLaboratory Facebook page Urban Managua: https://www.facebook.com/UrbanManagua
D4 Assessment: 
1 - Provided one valid example that demonstrates an understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for strategic benefits in capitalization, policy design, awareness raising, etc
Summary Thematic expertise: 
In the field of Integral Urban Renewal, I was able to gain experience with various projects and academic studies. As planner, designer and urban manager I participated in many urbanistic competitions, planning studies and urban projects in Austria, Europe and Latin America. Additionally, I conduct academic lectures about the topic of urban renewal, integral project approach, etc. at the Institute for Urban Design and Planning at the Technical University of Vienna. On a neighbourhood level, planning is converting into a process. Drafting designs for urban renewal is one thing, implementation is the other: Neighbourhoods are very complex organisms, with their own rules and structures. Therefore, it is very important to include people, who are affected by the process, into the planning process. The planner has to understand these complexities and his own role and develop inclusionary plans with the community. I was able to contribute as lead planner to important projects on the neighbourhood level, eg. the “Hauptbahnhof Wien”, or other projects like the URBACT project TUTUR - Temporary Use as tool for urban regeneration in Bremen, Rome and Alba Iulia. I also did many integrated urban renewal projects applying participatory urban design methodologies like the “Urban Design Laboratory”, a method which works perfectly for urban renewal projects. Further information: www.rolandkrebs.net
Assessment: 
The expert is validated for this theme by achieving a maximum score. He has demonstrated several years of relevant thematic expertise and knowledge in the integrated urban renewal.
Theme / Policy: 
Sustainable Housing
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.: 
In 2010, when working for the Federal Railways Company at the “Hauptbahnof Wien” in Vienna, Austria, those were the most important questions: For whom is this city? What is the role of the ground floor area? What kind of public or semi-public space do we want to establish? Do we want to continue “making to city” or do we just want another identity-less residential area? In Vienna, I led a housing development of a 20-hectare site; I was the leading urban planner and manager. Especially for residential use and public space we created special rules – with a detailed strategy for affordable housing: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/leben-am-helmut-zilk-park-integrierte-stadtentwicklungsplanung/ As researchers, we are always looking into good practice housing projects, to learn about the state-of-the-art. This is what we researched for a housing project in Chile: https://www.dropbox.com/s/i3b7ar1fh9deiyr/03_Vivienda.pdf?dl=0 Some other work samples: Residential Project Grieskirchen, Austria http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2012_10_30_grieskirchen_rk_sm.ppt Masterplan Partlbui, Tyrol http://www.rolandkrebs.net/generation-partlbui-smart-living-on-the-countryside/ Montego Bay, Jamaica: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action Estación cultural (with residential component): http://www.rolandkrebs.net/la-estacion-de-cultura-en-quetzaltenango/
D1 Assessment: 
1 - Demonstrated more than two years of experience (as visible in the CV) in having deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved: 
Some thematic inputs: Special rules – with a detailed strategy for affordable housing: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/leben-am-helmut-zilk-park-integrierte-stadtentwicklungsplanung/ Publications (English and Spanish) on Housing: Montego Bay: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action Estación Central: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/informefinal_28enero_small
D2 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two valid example that demonstrate the ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which the expert has been involved
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice: 
This blog-post about the Montego Bay project underlines the importance to tackle social problems in a city like Montego Bay in Jamaica with the creation of inclusionary public space and social housing. Montego has a homicide rate of 84 homicides per 100.000 habitants. The project aims to create affordable housing with incremental housing typologies. At the same time open the city to the sea by creating a waterfront park. The incremental housing typology gives 419 low-income families the opportunity to settle down in the city centre and extend their homes (with the “my growing home” concept”): http://www.rolandkrebs.net/transforming-paradise-2-ways-to-revitalize-montego-bay/ See the project report: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_03_23_montego_bay_urban_action And a twitter message: https://twitter.com/BID_Ciudades/status/591327057344221186 Additionally, at design workshops, the “Urban Design Labs” we work with good practice research to test the residential models and housing typologies with the community: https://www.dropbox.com/s/i3b7ar1fh9deiyr/03_Vivienda.pdf?dl=0
D3 Assessment: 
1 - Provided two example that demonstrate the ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange and learning activities, put forward good practice and policy messages targeting city practitioners and urban policy-makers (for participants as well as for an external audience)
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes: 
At the urban development process of the “Hauptbahnhof Wien”, Vienna Main Train Station, we developed an innovative collaborative planning process with six architects. “Collaborative” means “participative” in a sense that planners work together in a dialogue with the municipality. The main use of the site is housing. But, to conceptualize urbanity in this area, a special residential strategy was developed: a) The building sites shall not be bigger than 120 residential units to avoid mono-functional, or boring facades-types, b) at least 40 % of the housing units shall be affordable housing, c) 50 % of the project sites are sold by a fixed m2-price according the Floor Area Ratio (FAR), the future owners of the site have to organize an architectural competition, d) at a defined boulevard zone, the ground-floor-area has to be accessible from the street level and shall house public functions (cafés, restaurants, shops, libraries, NGOs, etc.), e) the construction of under-ground garages is not allowed, parking is provided by out-soursed multi-level parking to incentivize walking through public space and f) 8 plot of lands for approx. 400 residential units is reserved for Collaborative Housing projects. See a summary of the process here: http://www.rolandkrebs.net/leben-am-helmut-zilk-park-integrierte-stadtentwicklungsplanung/ The collaborative housing at the project Hauptbahnhof Wien: http://temel.at/files/208_infoveranst_praesentation.pdf
D4 Assessment: 
1 - Provided one valid example that demonstrates an understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for strategic benefits in capitalization, policy design, awareness raising, etc. In addition to example in the application, more examples are visible from CV (housing project in Nicaragua).
Summary Thematic expertise: 
As for the thematic expertise of Housing, I gained experience the last few years through the participation of urban design competitions and my engagement as project leader for planning at the “Hauptbahnhof Wien” – the Vienna Main Station urban development project. Hauptbahnhof Wien is a very centric urban development project, only 1,5 km from the Ringstraße. The project foresees the construction of 5.000 housing units. Together with multi-disciplinary teams we developed and designed housing projects from small to big scale, but always with a very urbanistic approach. Leading questions are: What happens on the eye level, ie. what is the role of the ground floor area? What kind of public or semi-public space do we want to establish? Do we want to continue constructing identity-less residential areas, or do we want to start creating urbanity? Housing is the one of the most important element in urban strategies, urban plans, etc. To create a holistic and integral approach, one has to think about (affordable) housing as the main element in the development. At the Hauptbahnhof Wien, this goal was achieved.
Assessment: 
The expert is validated for this theme by achieving a maximum score. He has demonstrated several years of relevant thematic expertise and knowledge in the sustainable housing.
Expertise support to local authorities and other stakeholders in designing & delivering integrated and participatory policies
E.1. Knowledge on participatory methods and tools for co-production and implementation of local polices : 
As for participatory methods I would like to highlight two programs I participated in the past: I worked for TUTUR – Temporary use as a tool for urban regeneration, an URBACT Pilot Transfer Network in partnership with the municipalities of Rome, Bremen and Alba Iulia. We, jointly with the partner cities, developed participatory Local Action Plans, which were drafted by the community through a participatory planning process. One of the important lessons learned was that participatory planning tools not only lead to project-ownership, but also lead to regeneration processes on a neighbourhood level by defining a concrete urban vision and goals. Outcome is the TUTUR methodology: https://www.dropbox.com/s/lqn28w2k1i8vs4x/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 Additionally, I would like to mention my engagement at the Cities Program of the Inter-American Development Bank, based in Washington, DC. At the Emerging and Sustainable Cities Initiative (ESCI), I was responsible for the exchange of knowledge products and dissemination. On a regional level, similar to URBACT in Europe, ESCI focuses on exchange of know-how and learning in order to re-establish planning in the cities and regions, and create innovative planning tools for the cities. Within this program I created a participatory planning tool for medium size cities, the „Urban Design Laboratory“ and tested it in ten cities. See the process here: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_02_15_lecture_udl_idb_short_de
E.1 Assessment: 
1- Demonstrated more than two years of experience and provided one relevant activity that demonstrates knowledge on participatory methods and tools for co-production and implementation of local polices (including proactive outreach to different stakeholders, conflict resolution, mediation of interests, community dialogue, etc.). Apart from application form, additional information and proofs can be found in the CV.
E.2. Knowledge on integrated approach for the design, delivering, monitoring and evaluation of urban strategies/policies: 
In previous urban development projects, I was engaged in all activities of the project cycle: proposal writing, development of ideas and planning tools, project implementation, reporting, supervision and evaluation. Before 2012 I worked as a consultant for the Austrian Development Agency at the project DELLAM in Nicaragua, supervising and monitoring the project process. https://www.dropbox.com/s/adb3jdxa8b1v7av/2012%2012%2020%20DELLAM%201%20schlussbericht.pdf?dl=0 At the TUTUR project, my role was not only to support the Lead Expert in the development of the project, but also to propose a structure of the monitoring and evaluation: https://www.dropbox.com/s/ekr3ah75r4v5nzy/TUTURINTERIMFINAL17012015.pdf?dl=0 The Lessons Learned chapter of the Final Report of TUTUR sums up the results and experience at these projects: https://www.dropbox.com/s/lqn28w2k1i8vs4x/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0
E.2 Assessment: 
0 - Provided less than one relevant activity that demonstrates knowledge on integrated approach for the design, delivering, monitoring and evaluation of sustainable urban strategies/policies. The expert has such experience on the project level but not on the level of integrated urban strategies/policies. TUTOR project was relevant but did not include delivering, monotiring and evaluation of the local action plan elaborated.
E.3. Awareness of the main policy and funding schemes for sustainable urban development at EU and national level: 
Since 2009, I work as a lecturer and assistant professor at the University of Technology in Vienna, at the Institute for Urban Design and Planning. I conduct design studios, theoretical and practical classes about urban planning and design, especially about public space, housing among other urban issues. With the current research projects about planning methodologies, techniques and inclusionary planning like “Urban Managua”, the “Urban Design Laboratory” among others I keep up to date about sustainable urban development policies, trends and funds. I regularly participate in urban design or other urbanism oriented planning competitions. I exchange knowledge with other universities. I gave lectures and/or was visiting critic at GSD Harvard (Cambridge, USA), Universidad de Buenos Aires (Argentina), Universidad de Palermo (Buenos Aires, Argentina), ETH Zürich Summer School of Architecture in Barranquilla (Colombia), Society of Architects Buenos Aires, University of Applied Arts Vienna, Universidad Centroamericana (Managua, Nicaragua), Universidad de Cantabria Santander (Spain) and the Centro Universitario Quetzaltenango (Quetzaltenango, Guatemala). I am regularly visiting the URBACT webpage, read frequently the posts of the blog, the twitter messages, facebook, etc. This is my main source of information for European Programs in the context of urban development.
E.3 Assessment: 
1 - Demonstrated awareness of the main policy and funding schemes for sustainable urban development at EU and national level
E.4. Ability to understand specific local situations and adapt tools and content to different local realities: 
Adapting methodologies is key to ensure consistency in the design and delivery of concrete products: At the previous URBACT project, where I have been involved, we had the challenge of transferring the know-how and experience of an agency of Temporary Use in the relatively large city of Bremen (population 650.000) to a completely different and more complex situation in Rome (a metropolis with population of 2,8 Million) on the one hand, and the transfer of experience to a small city like Alba Iulia (population 63.000). This situation is described in our mid-term report (page 87) https://www.dropbox.com/sh/q4bhu17f7yydgpk/AADMs735VTA0hwnS_ZXXqxRea?dl=0 and in the lessons learned section of the Final Report (page 49) https://www.dropbox.com/s/6mb3drfjfny5epm/FINAL_REPORT_TUTUR_final.pdf?dl=0 . The methodology, which we defined as a base line for the case of TUTUR, had fixed and flexible elements: Fixed elements in the methodology were the creation of a Local Support Group, the creation of a Local Action Plan, etc., the flexible part referred to the creation of an agency, or as in the Bremen case, outsourcing of the agency to a NGO. Another example is the application of the “Urban Design Laboratory” in the course of the IDB-Cities Program ESCI. The methodology had to be adapted to each city, after a precise evaluation of the stakeholders and of the planning topic. See this presentation: http://issuu.com/rolandkrebs7/docs/2015_02_15_lecture_udl_idb_short_de
E.4 Assessment: 
1 - Provided more than one relevant activity that demonstrates ability to understand specific local situations and adapt tools and content to different local realities so as to ensure consistency in the design and delivery of integrated and participatory policies across participants in transnational projects
Summary Expertise: 
As an urban planning specialist I can offer a broad expertise, from general strategies to small-scale design and interventions, but also inclusionary planning and design methodologies and techniques, especially in designing and delivering integrated and participatory policies. Empowering communities through the creation of Local Support Groups is key in the development process of urban projects. We, jointly with the partner cities, develop participatory Local Action Plans (LAP) in each partner city, which are drafted with the local planners. The planner gets a new role as moderator and facilitator for participatory planning processes. I am well experienced in participatory planning, recently as URBACT Thematic Specialist at TUTUR – Temporary use as a tool for urban regeneration, an URBACT Pilot Transfer Network in partnership with the municipalities of Rome, Bremen and Alba Iulia. We, jointly with the partner cities, developed Local Action Plans, which were drafted by the community through a inclusionary planning process. Another participatory planning methodology is the participatory planning-tool for medium size cities, the „Urban Design Laboratory“ (UDL) that I tested in 10 Latin-American cities. As a consultant for the Cities Program of the Inter-American Development Bank, based in Washington, DC, I developed urban projects with the communities with a state-of-the-art and flexible tool-kit. Further information: www.rolandkrebs.net
Assessment: 
The expert is validated for E, he scored 3 out of 4, demonstrating expertise to support local authorities and other stakeholders in integrated urban policies. He is not validated only for E2 as he failed to fully demonstrate knowledge on integrated approach for the design, delivering, monitoring and evaluation of sustainable urban strategies/policies. The expert has such experience on the project level but not on the level of integrated urban strategies/policies. TUTOR project was relevant but did not include delivering (implementation), monotiring and evaluation of the local action plan elaborated.

Informations

Residence location:
Austria
Languages:
German - Mother tongue
Foreign Languages level: 
Foreign languages: 
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Foreign Languages level: 
Foreign languages: 
Email:
roland.krebs@gmail.com
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Area of expertise