Liverpool suffered from industrial obsolesence and population loss during the second half of the 20th century but in recent years it has been the focus of significant regeneration initiatives. The two phases of decline and regeneration have brought challenges for urban planning and conservation of cultural heritage which include: providing sustainable solutions for the city's Building At Risk and achieving an equitable balance between regeneration and conservation.
Liverpool's World Heritage Site has an (integrated cultural heritage) Management Plan which is due to be reviewed in 2009 and a Steering Group (Local Support Group) which has already agreed to re-evaluate its purpose and function. It is hoped that during the course of the HerO network the improved management of the WHS can be achieved by reviewing and implementing the Management Plan and refreshing the Steering Group. In addition clear guidance will be approved which will provide a framework for protecting and enhancing the outstanding universal value of the WHS, whilst encouraging investment and development which secures a healthy economy and supports regeneration.