The city of Besançon faces four main challenges:
- evolution of the public sector: within the national context of job reduction, the retention of the local public sector is not guaranteed. What will the impact be for Besançon? What strategy must be implemented to mediate the reduction in public sector employment?
- large capital projects are planned for the next five years: new high-speed railway line, new cultural quarter and first tramway line. How will these investments be valorised to achieve economic diversification and increase the level of skills of the local workforce?
- diversification of the local economy: which sectors should be focused on? How will they be developed? What will the role of the public and private sectors be? How to build an alternative economic model to the models used in large metropolitan areas?
- public-private governance in economic development: the responsibility for economic development has been at intermunicipal level since 2004. The Communauté d'Agglomération du Grand Besançon is the political institution that has the overall responsibility of intermunicipal affairs (59 municipalities with a population of 175,000). The Grand Besançon is developing its economic strategy and aims to organise public-private governance as a key part of its implementation.