Validated Lead Expert
B.1. Understanding of integrated and sustainable urban development:
My educational background is based by the studies of Geography at Karl Franzens University in Graz (1984-1991) resulting in the degree of a magister. These studies covered a broad mix of planning theories/methods, city development, impact assessment, city and traffic planning, human geography incl. behavioural aspects, city marketing, ecological and other social sciences My professional experience looks back at 24 years work in the field of sustainable urban mobility designs and measures. Sustainable urban mobility planning (SUMP) could be seen as the connecting element – the approach was developed as part of the Eltis initiative that I coordinated for 7 years but the activities that are subsumed under this concept are many more. Mobility management and travel awareness, parking management, mobility marketing and campaigning, innovations for urban mobility development, mobility solutions for people with reduced mobility and company mobility plans are the most important ones that I am working with. A special focus lies on active travel programs aiming to increase the share of pedestrians and cyclists to mitigate the negative impacts from overwhelming motorized transportation. Tasks like monitoring and evaluation and know how transfer and education of city staff and transport professionals in terms of sustainable mobility development are included in almost all of my projects. My work is connected to cross-cutting topics such as health, city development and ecological impact
B.2. Understanding of exchange and learning processes at transnational level:
For more than 20 years I am involved in EU-funded training and know-how exchange projects, several of them I coordinated, e.g. PORTAL (Promotion of results in transport research and learning – with more than 30 Universities from all over Europe as partners), COMPETENCE, dedicated to empower management/energy agencies from 14 European countries to become actors at the sustainable urban mobility market, Transport Learning which aimed at capacity building, know-how exchange and mutual learning for employees of cities, management/energy agencies and transportation professionals on sustainable urban mobility designs in conversion regions of 8 European countries with more than 1.000 trainees., Eltis (as coordinator for 7 years and now as partner) with training activities on SUMP all over Europe, Push&Pull and Park4SUMP, two parking projects with trainings in 20 European countries (the latter is still ongoing with 24 partners) and the recently finalised H2020 SUMP project PROSPERITY (as coordinator with 27 partners). I was involved in 3 URBAL projects with exchange of experience activities between Latin American Cities and European Cities. For the URBACT Active Travel Network I worked as Lead Expert (ended in 2012). Periodically I act as lecturer for the Karl Franzens University in Graz.
B.3. Proficiency in English:
My work for FGM-AMOR (since 1993) is more than 90% on international project level with partners from different European countries and beyond. English is the main language of communication on daily work. Reporting to the EC, project meetings, skype/phone conferences, webinars, email-exchange, creation of guidelines and documentations, conference presentations as well as delivering educational services all need to be done in English, even when translation for non-English speakers is at hand. Due to the continuous practice of English since 1996 as the main language for professional tasks as well as partially for private communication (as a result of the international contacts), my English language skills are fluently oral and written.
Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities:
C.3.1. Ability to communicate complex concepts to non-English speakers:
Language problems occur in all projects among several partners and even more in training sessions with people which aren’t directly involved in the project but are among the stakeholder group of the project partners. Translation is often foreseen but not for the whole meeting / training duration and sometimes doesn’t work properly for all types of activities. To guarantee the understanding of the main content the use of pictures, graphs, video clips has proven to be successful. Furthermore, the “use” of trainees or partners that have language skills as interpreter and translator especially during practical sessions (e.g. when they are planning in a team) is a feasible way to tackle this problem. To split the whole group into several smaller ones is a good decision then. Good practice examples from own countries often minimise problems as people could easily get further information in their languages. Practical work including presentation of results (by trainees) using flipchart drawings, visual models as well as emotional elements working on visual basis were a good idea in projects like Transport Learning (IT, GR, HU, PL) or Push&Pull (SR, BG, RO). Using translation tools like google translate and apps for cases where even the above mentioned support doesn’t work is a last exit.
C.3.2. Ability to draw out, support the verbalization and documentation of knowledge and practice from participants:
The training material from PORTAL contained written material, slides, audio books, video clips and for some topics distance learning approaches. In PROSPERITY we used slides, a summary document of main content, video clips, innovation briefs, translated “Champion City” policy documents for each topic and developed additionally tailor-made for each country an own set of good practise case studies from own country. Furthermore, for the most important topic areas we gave webinars which were recorded. Finally, I carried out 27 video interviews with ambassadors. The Transport Learning training materials had at least two pieces for each training topic: a presentation and a reader. The reader had amongst others the purpose to enable the trainees to pre-study the content of the respective training event, which enabled all trainees to start from a joint basis into the training event. The reader contains elements such as when and why to start a mobility campaign, the understanding of behaviour to change, the steps to design an own campaign as well as good practise examples. Additionally, after the training all trainees received log-in data for the training platform to follow up the physical meeting. Trainees had to finish planning and then to implement an own project to complete the training and used the platform for communication with the respective trainer and if wanted amongst each other as well. The platform was also used to feed in new elements and examples to the trainees
C.3.3. Ability to capture learning for participants to take away:
In EU projects it is essential to develop material containing the results and findings of the project so that it could be easily disseminated. Examples are The Position paper on SUMP from PROSPERITY as output for decision makers and EU politicians http://sump-network.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/CIVITAS_PROSPERITY_Position_Paper_on_SUMP.pdf The Interreg SCHOOLCHANCE project established local urban support groups as suggested from URBACT and carried out a couple of knowledge transfer workshops in different EU countries. An example for a meeting report is the following from the WS in Barcelona. In the same project also a wide range of case studies have been developed. It was an aim of the project that each partner selects those case studies from the others that he would like to transfer to his own area. Bilateral workshops, study visits and meetings with implementers have been organised to discuss strengths and weaknesses, possible barriers and solutions especially when transferring the idea. In PROSPERITY we organised workshops with politicians to discuss the political level of SUMP. Each of the countries of focus has produced a SUMP supporting program document. These documents were summarised and translated and have been circulated to the other countries for dissemination and exchange of experience. During my time as coordinator of Eltis (2007-2013) I wrote dozens of case studies on urban transport.
C.3.4. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate good practices and policy messages:
Within my coordination work for the Eltis I produced dozens of good practice case studies for urban transport. For initiatives and projects like Park4SUMP, Prosperity etc. many video clips have been produced for which I have written all the text books (https://park4sump.eu/resources-tools/videos or http://sump-network.eu/tools-resources/ ) For Push&Pull or Park4SUMP I produced e.g. the Brochure for Decision Makers on arguments, principles and good practice for parking management https://park4sump.eu/sites/default/files/2020-07/PARK4SUMP_good%20reasons_and_principles_4_parking_management_final_36_web_EN.pdf Policy messages for the European Parliament and for the EC were produced on SUMP within the PROSPERITY project http://sump-etwork.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/CIVITAS_PROSPERITY_Position_Paper_on_SUMP.pdf The Practitioners Guide on “Linking transport and health in SUMPs - How health supports SUMPs” has been codeveloped by me with colleagues from Napier University and FGM-AMOR http://sump-network.eu/fileadmin/user_upload/downloads/PROSPERITY_s_Health_in_SUMP_Topic_guide_FINAL.pdf Within Push&Pull two catalogues on good practice (mobility management and parking management) have been produced and the short animated clip for politicians and decision makers on the idea of a core funding mechanism (where revenues from paid parking is earmarked used to finance sustainable mobility solutions). file:///C:/Users/pressl/AppData/Local/Temp/pp_pm_catalogue_01062015_final.pdf
Summary Expertise for the design and delivery of transnational exchange and learning activities:
Robert Pressl is developing, co-ordinating and participating (in) EU-projects with transnational and inter-departmental exchange of experience, co-creation, know-how-transfer and learning for 25 years with partners from all European countries and Latin America. He is part of a multi-disciplinary team that is dealing with sustainable transport solutions for urban areas. His main activities are mobility management, travel awareness, marketing, awareness raising, parking management and active mobility. Within his work he planned and carried out dozens of project meetings, know-how exchange and learning activities through physical meetings and workshops standalone and at conferences, online based co-operations and discussions, tele-conferences via skype/other software solutions and usage of social media. He developed and organised the program for the 4th international SUMP Conference in Dubrovnik in 2017 on behalf of the EC. The work that he is doing focuses on different target groups, from politicians and decision makers, to policy makers, authorities, NGOs, representatives of the industry, academia and also to future transport professionals – within all different cultural backgrounds in Europe. He is author of different handbooks, good practice and policy documents and developed video clips. His style of work / training includes interactive elements (role-plays, drawings, videos and visual elements, distant learning, online-media and modern presentation techniques).
Theme / Policy:
Sustainable Urban Mobility
D.1. Deep knowledge on the selected theme and related policy challenges, including up to date practice, research, etc.:
My main fields of activity within my 27 years of work for Austrian Mobility Research are - Parking Management (parking policy audits, parking measures, principles and good practice, acceptance raising activities, use of revenues, etc.) - Creation and dissemination of the concept of Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans SUMP - Health related activities and transport, physical activity - Active Mobility (walking & cycling) - policy measures; infrastructural, organisational and motivational measures - Campaigning and marketing for sustainable urban mobility solutions - Development of dissemination and training material for urban mobility - Know How Transfer, education and training on policy approaches and measures on topics as stated above plus school and company related mobility management Working on these above mentioned topics implies comprised research, data collection and analysis, creation of policy strategies and documents, and of usable tools, planning and implementation of measure packages, running transnational know-how exchange and learning activities, advocacy activities with decision and policy makers as well as planning and implementing teaching and training activities. Furthermore, the development of good practice video clips and interviews with decision makers, implementers and representatives of the academia is key in this context.
D.2. Ability to produce thematic inputs to feed in the learning process of in projects in which you have been involved:
The development of training materials (written materials, set of slides, audio books, video clips, distance learning stuff, tools, handbooks, thematic guidelines etc.) and the use of it in capacity building sessions is one of the core activities of most of my projects. Getting back to the PORTAL project in the year 2000, and further to Competence, Cultura, Active Access, Active Travel Network, Vianova, Transport Learning, Push&Pull, Endurance, SchoolChance, Prosperity, Portis until now, in the ongoing Park4SUMP project I was always strongly involved into the capacity building activities which always needed the "translation" of research knowledge and know how as well as implementation results into learning activities. For the Eltis - The Mobility Observatory, I wrote several case studies and produced more than 50 video clips all with the aim to transfer successful and proven good practice applications and ideas from one city to another (by taking into account different cultural conditions). The topics that I mainly work(ed) on have been mentioned in D1. The trainings followed the approach to be very practical training events which was safeguarded by an iterative teaching process set up for the creation and planning of new measures by the trainees.
D.3. Ability to produce concise reports that incorporate learning from exchange & learning activities, put forward good practice:
As already mentioned in the section C3.4. this is one of the main activities in my working career. One example is the development and implementation of the ParkPAD scheme. ParkPAD stands for Parking Policy Audit and is a method for cities to assess the own parking policy and to create a joint parking action plan. In this method all three main target groups are involved with representatives – which are politicians, authorities and users / stakeholders. Besides ParkPAD (developed within the Park4SUMP project) the work with Ministries in different European countries to develop a SUMP supporting program for their countries should be highlighted (PROSPERITY project). In almost all projects that I am working in good practice solutions and trainings played an important role. In PORTAL the task was to transfer EU-research knowledge into curricula of Universities. In COMPETENCE and Transport Learning the focus was set on the empowerment of transport and energy actors. In Push&Pull and in Park4SUMP authorities, politicians and representatives of the industry were targeted with the most up-to-date knowledge regarding parking management. In Endurance the target group was city staff which should be made familiar with the approach of sustainable urban mobility planning SUMP.
D.4. Understanding of how to maximize the use of project results for benefits in capitalization, policy design, awarenes:
In some of the mentioned projects site visits were carried out to transfer good practise. Policy makers & practitioners visited a Champion City standing for its innovative solutions. The Site Visit were Vitoria Gasteiz for the Super Block approach, Trondheim for Parking Enforcement, Bolzano for its bicycle strategy and Graz for its mobility centre, Krakow for the zone model, etc. My role was to co-ordinate the planning as well as the production of supporting info material The 16 Good Arguments brochure from Push&Pull, the one on arguments and principles for parking management from Park4SUMP, the Thematic Guidelines on Health &SUMP or on Parking&SUMP and the Vianova Practitioner Handbook were designed not only to support the trainings but also as a stand-alone document to make decision maker or transport actor familiar with the topic and to implement own measures, thus being the main means for capitalisation of the project results. I am one of the main authors and was involved in all steps from thematic content, to didactical logic and the graphical design. The dissemination strategy is always based on five elements of dissemination: • During training events – as integral training material • By newsletters, uploads at external knowledge hubs and contact networks e.g. www.eltis.org , www.epomm.org, civitas civitas.eu • By presentations at international conferences • By publications in transport magazines • By social media e.g LinkedIn, FB, etc
Summary Thematic expertise:
Robert Pressl looks back to 27 years of professional work experience in sustainable urban transport covering policy & strategies and implementation of measures for parking, pedestrians, cyclists, mobility campaigns, travel awareness, and mobility management His work contains research, policy strategies, planning/implementing/evaluating sets of measures and educational activities. These tasksbelong to at transnational but also local, regional and national activities. He developed competences to create, plan and implement transnational learning processes and know-how exchange from projects like PORTAL, COMPETENCE, Push&Pull, Vianova, Transport Learning, Active Travel Network, Active Access, SchoolChance, Park4SUMP, Prosperity, Endurance, etc. In these projects dozens of training materials have been developed and hundreds of trainings have been carried out. For 7 years he coordinated the Eltis–the European Mobility Observatory and was involved in several Civitas projects. As author of guidelines and manuals and producer of videos publishing the results and achievements of EU projects for learning and know-how exchange processes he knows both sides, providers of knowledge as well as external persons keen on acquiring new knowledge and capitalisation on the actions results. Examples are the work with European ministries to develop national SUMP supporting programs, training sessions in 20 countries on parking activities or campaigning for sustainable transport policies
Expertise support to local authorities and other stakeholders in designing & delivering integrated and participatory policies
E.1. Knowledge on participatory methods and tools for co-production and implementation of local polices :
As mentioned in section C3.4. this is one of my main activities. One example is the development of the ParkPAD scheme (project Park4SUMP). It stands for Parking Policy Audit and is a method for cities to assess the own parking policy and to create a joint parking action plan. Here all three main target groups are involved with representatives – which are politicians, authorities and stakeholders. The task is to moderate the whole audit process which means to find a consensus after all participants assessed the parking situation as individual (and which differs often a lot from the one of the others). Then, in further steps to develop the Parking Quality Action Plan in a joint way by bringing in knowledge but also by encouraging and guiding participants to co-create the Plan (creating ownership and responsibilities). Similar is the situation when developing a sustainable urban mobility plan. I was co-ordinating the project when SUMP was firstly developed and was also in the team that recently updated it (SUMP 2.0) The method foresees both, intradisciplinary and inter-departmental cooperation and also participation and co-creation (projects Endurance, Prosperity, SUMP PLUS). In Prosperity I cooperated with ministries to jointly develop SUMP supporting programs (see C1.1). Methods that were used are exchange of experience sessions, peer meetings, discussion rounds etc. In my function as URBACT expert in the past I used e.g. the stakeholder selection and involvement methods.
E.2. Knowledge on integrated approach for the design, delivering, monitoring and evaluation of urban strategies/policies:
As mentioned already my main field of work is sustainable urban mobility. The latest approach (which I was lucky to have contributed to its development) was SUMP. In this approach eight crucial key principles have been named including “Develop all transport modes in an integrated matter”, “Cooperate across institutional boundaries” and “arrange for monitoring & evaluation” – see https://www.eltis.org/mobility-plans/sump-concept These principles are used in the projects ENDURANCE, PROSPERITY, Park4SUMP and SUMPPLUS that I used to work / coordinate or am currently working in. Other tools: for mobility management & integration of land use planning Max Lupo http://www.epomm.eu/index.php?id=2748 and for evaluation and monitoring Max Sumo http://www.epomm.eu/index.php?id=2602 The SUMP Self assessment tool helps to evaluate and improve mobility planning in the city or functional urban area. https://www.sump-assessment.eu/English/start The URBACT method is a perfect approach to empower the main actors. The pillars “integration”, “participation” &“action learning” provide numerous possibilities to give those involved in city development a voice and opportunities to co-create their environment. The vertical coop. between all levels of government and local players as well as the horizontal coop. among policy areas of municipality and territorial coop. between neighbourhoods or nearby rural areas and the balance between hard & soft investments build a successful basis for progress
E.3. Awareness of the main policy and funding schemes for sustainable urban development at EU and national level:
For more than 25 years I am involved in EU transport projects. Many of them I was coordinating or I wrote at least the proposals for. In each of these projects it was necessary to describe the relation to the work program. Only in the recent projects, the European Green Deal (Dec. 2019), the Urban Agenda (2016) and the EU Strategy for Low Emission Mobility (2016) were studied in detail by me. Aspects like traffic and travel avoidance, optimising the use of existing infrastructure, supporting modal shift towards more efficient modes or new governance models for transport were always included. Furthermore, within the last decade, the EC has recognised the particularly important role cities and Sustainable Urban Mobility Plans (SUMP) can play to stimulate a shift towards cleaner and more sustainable transport in urban areas and has emphasised the importance of the SUMP planning concept in various policy documents, e.g.: • The Action Plan on Urban Mobility (2009), • The Transport White Paper, “Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Towards a competitive and resource efficient transport system” (2011) • The Urban Mobility Package, “Together towards competitive and resource-efficient urban mobility” (2013) • The EC’s Guidelines on the Development of a Sustainable Urban Mobility Plan. All these policy documents are in close connection to EU funding schemes and the knowledge of these schemes is of fundamental importance for cities and included in all work with them.
E.4. Ability to understand specific local situations and adapt tools and content to different local realities:
In my work in PROSPERITY (role: coordinator) we developed national SUMP programs and tools for selected countries. The main concept to achieve a take up of SUMP was the involvement of the national ministries / high levels of government and cities by addressing their cultural differences. This happened in two ways: regular peer-to-peer exchange between the national level authorities of different countries – and a regular nat. development process in each country, in which national level and cities interacted. The central Q was how could a general approach of SUMP be adopted so that it worked also in countries and cities with different (legal, social, institutional) frame conditions Another example is the parking policy audit tool were the demand was that the tool should work in different advanced cities– from beginners to advanced champions. The work is ongoing (Park4SUMP project) The test phase in 16 cities (15 countries) has already been finalized. My role: main tool developer The transfer of good practice implementations and tools from one country to another by taking into account different local realities is demanding in my internat. work. What works in a Greek city doesn’t automatically work in a Port. city and the planned campaign had to be adapted – an experience from my Active Access project. Much more difficult was the situation in my URB AL project CULTURA where the adaption of EU and Latin American approaches for the application in other continents was the topic
During the work in PROSPERITY which I coordinated we developed national SUMP programs and tools for selected countries. The main concept was to achieve a take up of SUMP by bringing together city representatives with national ministries / high levels of government and addressing their cultural differences on the horizontal (different countries) level as well as the needs and demands from cities and supporting opportunities of national institutions on the vertical level in the own country. The most recent highlight on participatory methods and tools for co-production and implementation of local polices is the development of the Parking Policy Audit which is a method for cities to assess the own parking policy and to create a joint parking action plan by involvement of all major stakeholders such as politicians, authorities and externals. The work with the SUMP approach is also a co-creative one and foresees the interdisciplinary cooperation on horizontal, l vertical and territorial level incl. soft&hard investment options as advised by URBACT. For the transport area this is up-to-date the most integrated approach. The pillars “integration”, “participation” and “action learning” are key for co-creation here. My work in EU funded projects for more than 25 years gives me insight and knowledge in the most recent policy documents such as the EU Green Deal (Dec. 2019), the Urban Agenda (2016) with the Urban Mobility Package and the EU Strategy for Low Emission Mobility (2016).