Over the last decade, a depopulation of the area by 10,55% is observed. The high dependency ratio (0.61), is considered to be evidence of unsatisfactory economic development perspective in the area.
Besides the demographic context of the region, it is worth mentioning that the natural environment of the area varies widely. The diverse landscapes, the abundant water resources, the variety of land surface elevations, the exposure and the slopes, the large variety of vegetation types which alternate among them in small distances by creating intense mosaic landscape, are of great significance for the region. However, there has been intense and sometimes irreversible degradation from human activities, or overexploitation of natural resources The main characteristic of the geomorphology and the landscape of the area is the composition between lowlands and highlands, the large-scale cultivated land, the coverage of productive forests and the large-scale grassland areas.
Furthermore, the area is characterized cultivated and grassland while woodlands cover 75.95% of the total area. Finally, the area has special cultural features that attract thousands of tourists annually. Local economy and employment are mainly based in agriculture and forest products and it’s interdependence with the livestock production in the mountainous areas of the region, by creating a strong relationship for the productive sector of local economy. The current situation is characterized by small agricultural holdings and allotments, lack of basic infrastructure an information regarding the mentioned sectors,small farm average size and low the educational level of the farmers.
The secondary sector in the area is characterized by small industries. The manufacturing activity in the area focuses on the exploitation, processing and the utilization of the products of the primary sector, mainly with the production of dairy and wood-furniture products. The majority of the manufacturing industries belong to the sector of nutrition industry. The rest of the activities meet the local needs. There are a few small enterprises in the area, most of which are family enterprises.
Tertiary sector constitutes the 43.8% of the employment in the Municipality of Pyli. There is a significant increase in tourist accommodation units in the last few years in the study area. It worth to mention that the municipality of Pyli, is characterized by a significant number of sparsely monuments of historical, cultural and aesthetic significance.