Salerno is a city in Campania Region (southwestern Italy) and is the capital of the province of the same name. It is located on the Gulf of Salerno on the Tyrrhenian Sea. The city is divided into three distinct zones: the medieval sector, the 19th century sector and the more densely populated post-war area, with its several apartment blocks.
Salerno was an independent Lombard principality (Principality of Salerno) in the early Middle Ages. During this time, the Schola Medica Salernitana, the first medical school in the world, was founded.
Salerno lies along by the sea, between the Amalfi coast (west) and the Cilento area (south). The centre city can be ideally placed at the intersection of two lines that drove, in the past, the town development: one in direction west-east (along by the sea) and the other northward, along the Irno river valley.